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Library and Information Technology

This Research Guide provides information about library and information science resources found in the CCCC libraries and linked databases.

What are citations?

What are citations, and why do I need them?

Quotation Mark IconA citation is your way of telling readers how to find the information, data, opinions, and quotes upon which you based your paper. It gives your readers the information they need to locate the sources you used as evidence to back up your arguments, or the exact texts that you analyzed.

A citation includes:

  • The Author's names 
  • The title of the work
  • Dates of publication
  • Information about the Publishing Body
  • the date your copy was published
  • Relevant information about location such as page numbers, and volume and issue numbers for articles from periodical publications


What is APA Style?

APA stands for American Psychological Association. APA style was created by social scientists to standardize scientific writing. Some fields that use it include: Allied Health, Business, Criminal Justice, Education, Political Science, and Social Work.

Library sources to help you with your citations...


Citation Styles

Use only this video for classes or subject areas that require MLA

How to cite sources using MLA style

Sample MLA paper

Citations: a (Very) Brief Introduction

This short video from North Carolina State University covers the basics of citations:

why we use them and how we create them.

Building a citation

Which information do I include in a citation?

Practice finding the pieces of a citation using this tutorial from Marquette University.

Screenshot of the MLA citation tutorial


Need Help? IconNeed a little extra help?

Contact your librarian!