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Course Guide Template

What are citations?

What are citations, and why do I need them?

A citation is your way of telling readers how to find the information, data, opinions, and quotes upon which you based your paper. 

A citation includes:

  • The authors' names 
  • Title of the work
  • Date of publication
  • Information about the publisher
  • Volume and issue numbers for articles 
  • Page numbers
  • Online access information

Choose the style that's right for your course or subject area.  Include more than one only if you know different instructors require different styles.

What is APA Style?

APA stands for American Psychological Association. APA style was created by social scientists to standardize scientific writing. Some fields that use it include: Allied Health, Business, Criminal Justice, Education, Political Science, and Social Work.

What is MLA Style?

MLA stands for Modern Language Association. MLA style was created by scholars to standardize writing in the humanities and liberal arts. Some fields that use it include: English, Literature, and Art.  Get extra help with formatting from the MLA Style Center website. link will open in a new window

What is NLM Style?

NLM stands for National Library of Medicine. NLM style was created by the National Library of Medicine to standardize citations in medical fields.

Library sources to help you with your citations...

Choose the right sources to include for your subject or course area (APA, MLA, etc.)

Citations in MLA

This video will walk you through the process of citing your sources in MLA Style, Based on the MLA Handbook, 8th edition.

This short video from North Carolina State University Libraries link will open in a new window covers the basics of citations: why we use them and how we create them.


Need a little extra help?

Contact your librarian. Change to your email address

Or use the links below to get more in-depth help and information.

Include links to resources to help with this process.  These can be our proprietary resources, databases, or resources from other institutions.